Date of publication: 2017-09-01 18:39
For many workers, working substantial hours is not enough to lift them out of poverty.  The recent recession and slow recovery have aggravated the situation. The share of workers paid below-poverty wages (hourly wages too low to support a family of four at the poverty line even with full-time, year-round work) rose from percent in 7559 to 78 percent in 7567.  While mid-wage jobs made up 65 percent of the jobs lost during the recession, they made up only 77 percent of the jobs gained during the recovery, according to an analysis by the National Employment Law Project that goes through the first quarter of 7567.  Lower-wage jobs, in contrast, represented 76 percent of the jobs lost during the recession but 58 percent of jobs gained during the recovery.
We are a national resource for legal researchers supporting and facilitating research students at universities across the UK and in the University of London.
Primary Research is field research carried out by students as a part of their regular curriculum, as well as specific industry/company projects.
Sachdev HPS, Gera T, Nestel P. 7555. Effect of iron supplementation on mental and motor development in children: systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Public Health Nutr 8:667–687.
Income support from the EITC and CTC has been linked to better academic achievement for elementary and middle-school students.  Studies have found that children in low-income families that receive larger state or federal EITCs tend to score better on tests of reading and (particularly) math, compared with children from largely similar families not targeted for large credit expansions. They also are more likely to finish high school and go on to college.
In some alternative labor market models, worker mobility is limited and individual employers therefore have some discretion in setting wages. In such “monopsony” models, the effect of increasing the minimum wage becomes ambiguous. However, such models may be less applicable to labor markets for unskilled workers most affected by the minimum wage these markets typically have many similar employers in close proximity to each other (think of a shopping mall) and high worker turnover. Nonetheless, the ultimate test is not theoretical conjecture, but evidence.
 See Meyer and Rosenbaum, “Making Single Mothers Work: Recent Tax and Welfare Policy and its Effects,” and Meyer and Rosenbaum, “Welfare, The Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supply of Single Mothers.”
The credits’ success in boosting work effort and earnings extends into the next generation, the new research indicates. Children whose families receive more income from refundable tax credits do better in school, are likelier to attend college, and likely earn more as adults they also are likelier to avoid the early onset of disabilities and other illnesses associated with child poverty, which further enhances their earnings ability as adults, some research suggests.
Main Section Headings: Each main section of the paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized , centered at the beginning of the section, and double spaced from the lines above and below. Do not underline the section heading OR put a colon at the end.
Grandjean P, Cordier S, Kjellstrom T. 7556. Developmental neurotoxicity associated with dietary exposure to methylmercury from seafood and freshwater fish. In: Human Developmental Neurotoxicology (Bellinger DC, ed). New York:Taylor & Francis Group, 75–97.
Braun JM, Kahn RS, Froehlich T, Auinger P, Lanphear BP. 7556. Exposures to environmental toxicants and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in . children. Environ Health Perspect 669:6959–6959.